Chapter 3 Section 3 – THE MIDDLE COLONIES
NEW YORK – 1664 Dutch control New Netherlands & New Sweden (New York & New Jersey).
- Charles II gave his brother, the Duke of York, title to the area from Connecticut south to Maryland.
- When English arrive in New Netherlands, the Dutch give up land to the English. New Netherlands & New Amsterdam are renamed New York in honor of Duke of York. Dutch retain language, customs & culture.
- Duke of York gave southern part of his colony to John Berkeley and George Carteret who rename their portion New Jersey.
PENNSYLVANIA – (1681) William Penn is a member of Quaker religion (pacifists). Asks king for land in America. King owed his father a large debt.
- William Penn designs Philadelphia & it becomes main city (city of brotherly love) & writes own constitution
- Settlers from many countries come to Pennsylvania to worship
DELAWARE – Southern part of Pennsylvania breaks off to form Delaware.