CHAPTER 3 SECTION 1 NOTES
I England in America
1. England & Spain are at war (1588-1604) over trading and religion.
2. The Spanish Armada was the most powerful naval force in world.
3. England defeats Spanish Armada & Spanish control of the seas.
A. Lost Colony
1. 1587 Walter Raleigh established colony on Roanoke Island (Lost Colony) failed.
*Charter – the right to organize settlements in an area.
*Joint-stock company – a company in which investors buy stock in the company in return for a share of its future profits.
II Jamestown – (Joint Stock Company –“Virginia or London Company”)
A. Jamestown (1607) first permanent English settlement.
B. Captain John Smith saves Jamestown by trading with Indians.
C. Pocahontas saves John Smith’s life
D. Starving Time – disease, lack of food, searching for gold – colony is almost lost.
E. John Rolfe introduces tobacco and it becomes major crop sold to England to buy manufactured goods.
F. Indian-settler relations – friendly until colony grew and took land from Indians. John Rolfe marries Pocahontas.
III Representative Government
A. House of Burgesses – representatives met to make local laws. First form of representative government in America.
IV. New Arrivals in Jamestown
B. Africans to work the tobacco fields