Chapter 2 Test Review


Know the following people and their significance:
Ferdinand Magellan            Leif Eriksson
Christopher Columbus        Samuel Champlain
Francisco Pizarro                Marco Polo
Martin Luther                     Amerigo Vespucci
Hernando Cortes                Montezuma
Vasco de Balboa                 Henry Hudson

Know the following:
1.  Who set up a navigation school for sailors?
2.  Which Native American helped in overthrowing the Aztecs?
3.  What did the Line of Demarcation do, who drew it, and which country got which side?
4.  When was the Renaissance, what changes took place during it?
5.  What was the purpose of the Crusades?
6.  What reasons allowed the conquistadors to conquer the Aztecs & Incas?
7.  What two resources in America did the French use to make money?
8.  Which explorer was the first to establish a trading route to Asia?
9.  What present day state did the Dutch first settle?
10.  What were Henry Hudson and Jacques Cartier searching for?
11.  What country did Columbus sail for and who financed his voyage?
12.  Why did the Aztecs hesitate to fight the Spanish?
13.  What were three results of the Crusades?
14.  Where was the first permanent European settlement in what is now the U.S. and when was it settled?
15.  Who condemned the cruel treatment of Native Americans by the Spanish and got laws changed to help protect them?
16.  Who broke off the Catholic Church in England and started his own church the Church of England?
17.  Which French religious thinker also broke off the Catholic Church?
18.  Who was Mali’s greatest king?
19.  Who was the first Spaniard to land on the mainland  of North America while searching for the fountain of youth?
20.  Who does England use as their basis for claims to land in North America?

Short Answer
1.  What invention in the 1400’s had the greatest impact on society and why?
2.  Why did the Spanish want to conquer the Aztecs and Incas?
3.  How did the system of encomienda affect the Native Americans?
4.  What was the significance of Magellan’s voyage?

Know the definitions to the following words:
mercantilism            mestizo            encomienda
circumnavigate            astrolabe            Renaissance

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